ITI courses are primarily skilled development courses, which blends practical skill with theoretical knowledge, open up promising career opportunities for graduates.
The minimum qualification for ITI courses varies from Std 8th pass to std 12th pass, an individual can opt for ITI courses after graduation or post-graduation, as there is no upper limit in respect of the educational qualifications for admission.
What is an ITI?
As per the DGET (Director General of Employment and Training), ITI is (Craftsmen Training Scheme) in short CTS was first implemented to provide training to skilled craftsmen implemented through Government and private Institutions which are Under administrative and financial control of the state government and union territory. The courses vary from 6 months to 2 years.
Industrial Training Institution is in short called ITI. These institutes are established under the control of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in India. (MSDE). In Association with MSDE, DGET is the primary authority of it is and the headquarters situated in New Delhi.
There are in total six zones under the control of DGET for monitoring, policy-making, guidelines, and syllabus creation for various ITI courses. The zones are Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Faridabad, and Pune.
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What is the minimum educational qualification for ITI courses?
The primary focus of the ITI courses is to generate employment-oriented skills for students and provide training in different sectors of industries.
- The minimum qualification for ITI courses varies from Std 8th to Std 12th depending on the curriculum of any particular ITI course.
- The maximum educational qualification for ITI courses is not determined hence, one can pursue ITI courses after graduation also.
- The age limit for perusing the ITI course is 14 years to 40 years.
- For ex-servicemen and war windows there is an age relaxation is for 5 years.
- Orphan, Physically Handicapped ( PH), state sports, and ex-servicemen are considered as a special category.
- MR (Mentally Retarded) candidates can also join the ITI courses depending on the levels of MR. They have the opportunity to join special scheme courses for which are specially designed for MR.
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The total number of institutions providing ITI courses:
The DGET, Director General of Employment and Training, Ministry of Labour and Employment established many Institutions to provide admission to ITI courses. These institutions aim to train students to work in various emerging industrial sectors.
- The approximate total number of Government and Private Institutions for ITI courses is 14,491 as of now.
- The maximum no. of Government ITIs is in Mumbai, with a total number of no is close to 420, followed by Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh.
- The maximum no. of private ITIs is in Uttar Pradesh, followed by Rajasthan, Karnataka, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh.
- The courses provided by the ITI s called Trades. The focus of each trade is different and caters to the different sectors of the industry requirements. The duration of the course is primarily depending on the type of trades that one is opting for.
The admission process of ITIs
The admission process of ITIs for CTS in India is conducted every year and it is somewhat different from other admission processes. The admission process generally starts from May onwards. Each state has different methods of admission. The admissions are based on a merit list, however, in some states, admission tests are also conducted for ITIs.
The Trades are broadly classified into two groups:
- Engineering and technical trades.
- Non-engineering and non-technical trades.
Few ITI courses are specially designed for Visually Impaired persons:
- Computer operator and assistance (COPA)
- Cutting and sewing
- Desktop Publishing Operator
- Hair and Skin Care
- Metal cutting attendant
The ITI trades are framed based on the NSQF level.
The National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), categorizes a particular course in ITI corresponding to the level of knowledge, skills, and aptitude required for understandings about the subject matter.
The NSQF levels are not based on educational qualifications that an individual received through formal and non-formal or informal learning. It is based on learning outcomes that an individual must possess irrespective of his educational background. The parameters for measuring NSQF levels are as below:
- The process required: whether the previous experience is required or not. Whether an individual has to perform it is a repetitive process or not.
- Individual knowledge: To what extent the individual has an understanding of the subject. Starting from, whether he is aware of the terminologies of the subject matter or not.
- Professional skills: To what extent application of professional skills needs to be applied.
- Core skills: communication skills, reading, writing, understanding, etc. The expertise is required for a particular trade in core basic skills.
- Responsibility: Whether an individual shall work under supervision or shall have full responsibility in the trained field.
NSQF is a nationally built quality assurance framework that integrates education and competency-based skills, which in turn shall give multiple verticals to expand individuals’ skill sets in whatever direction they want.
Because of These NSQD levels, ITI courses after graduation can have tremendous value for the individuals if they choose the trades effectively. For example, an individual with knowledge of Science and Technology can opt for a course like Information and communication technology maintain trades which is ranked as Level 5 in NSQF, will defiantly be a good course for his career growth and future employment.
Top 18 new and promising trades that fall in the Engineering and Technical trades category of ITI courses after graduation in Science.
1. Addictive manufacturing technician (3D printing) NSQF level 4
This is a fairly new course and the syllabus of the course has been revised considering the current demand for such trained individuals.
The subjects under this course curriculum comprise of
- Additive manufacturing technician trade theory
- Additive manufacturing technician trade practical.
- Workshop calculations and science
- Employability skills
After completion of the course, the individuals can apply for the Apprenticeship Training at the government sector, public sector, or private sector with a stipend.
The job opportunities after completion of this are:
- 3D printing operator
- Additive manufacturing technician
- Production technician
- 3D manufacturing technician
- Additive manufacturing application engineer
- Material technician and laboratory assistance
2. Aeronautical Structure and equipment Fitter, NSQF level 5
This is a very lucrative course and the employability after completion of this ITI course after graduation in science is very high and they can enter the job market as Aeronautical structure and equipment fitter.
The required qualification is Individuals for this trade is
- Individuals who have passed 10th std with 3 years of experience in the relevant field can appear for NCVT ( National Training for Vocational Training) in this field.
The job profile of these individuals with this trade comprises of:
- Assembling of aircraft structure parts using fasteners for standard procedures.
- Manufacturing metallic parts with compliance of manufacture reference publication, etc.
- Checks, positions, and fixes fastened and elements of assemblies.
- Understanding of the drawings and instructions, select materials, appropriate tools to get the job done.
- Masters in different sealing and mechanical locking techniques, etc.
3. Architectural Draughtsman NSQF level 5
This is also one of the most promising ITI courses after graduation that can be pursued by motivated individuals.
The curriculum of this course primarily comprises of:
- Architectural Draughtsman trade Theory,
- Architectural Draughtsman trade Practical
- Employability Skills
- Workshop calculation & Science and Engineering drawing.
The duration of the course is two years and after successful completion of the course, people can apply for the apprentice in the government, public or private sector with a stipend.
The job profile includes:
Architectural and interior design with AutoCAD pro-jobs, an entrepreneur in architectural design, etc.
4. Civil engineering assistant NSQF level 5
This is one of the most lucrative jobs for ITI professionals who are interested in the construction sector. The course comprises of 2 years.
The curriculum is comprised of:
- Civil Engineering Assistant Trade Theory
- Civil Engineering Assistant trade practical
- Workshop calculation and science,
- Engineering drawing and Employability Skills.
- The relevant areas of employment are:
- Engineering Assistant in civil works
- Assistant Engineer (civil)
- Engineering Assistant, Instructor.
5. Draughtsman (Civil and Mechanical) NSQF level 5
The employability after completion of this ITI course after graduation is very high due to the mass vacancy in this respective field. Both in the Civil and mechanical engineering sector.
The demand for the following qualifications is always there in the market.
- AUTO CAD draughtsman
- AUTO CAD designer
- Structural draughtsman
- Design Engineer
- Design Analyst, etc.
The total time duration of the course is 2 years.
6. Electrician power Distributor
The job opportunities after completion of this ITI Trades after graduation are not only confined to the power sector only. Individuals with a certification of completion of this course successfully can apply as ITI instructors or entrepreneurs also.
The more traditional jobs profiles are:
- Transmission line Jobs
- Power distribution line jobs
- Jr Electrical Engineer,
- Traction Power supply jobs
The duration of the course of 2 years.
7. Electronics mechanics
The electronic mechanic training course is one of the 10 best ITI courses after graduation in science for girls as well as for boys. The duration of the course is 2 years and 2 semesters.
The demand in electronics companies for electronics technicians is huge; thereby making it one of the most popular as well as lucrative trades in the ITIs.
8. Information and communication technology system maintenance
In this digital age, there is always a high demand for this 2-year Information and communication system maintenance course. In the year 2019, the course syllabus has been revised making it more apt for the digital era.
The sectors based on this course are IT and ITES. The fee structure for this course varies from Rs.200 to 4500/- in Government it is and Rs.10,000 to 25,000/-in private it is.
The fee structure of various States is different. After competition of the course and finishing apprenticeship at government/private or/public sector, trainees can opt for the jobs such as:
- Electronic design engineer
- Site engineer
- Network Engineer
- Evaluation Engineer
- VMC.HMC/VTL Operator, AWS Engineer
- Network support analyst, etc.
9. Plastic processing operator NSQF level 4
The duration of this particular course is one year.
The curriculum comprises of:
- Plastic Processing Operator Trade Theory
- Workshop calculation and Science
- Plastic Processing Operator trade practical
- Engineering drawing and Employability Skills.
- The relevant job opportunities after completion of the course are:
- Injection Moulding operator
- Plastic processing operator
- Laboratory Operator (Plastic plant)
- BOPT operator
- Moulding operator, etc.
This is one of the best trades for the entry-level qualification i.e. education till std 8th. Plumbing trades shall always be in business and it is one of those fields that shall have evergreen career opportunities.
This is a 1-year course and after completion, the job opportunities are as follows:
- Pipe fitting,
- Entrepreneurship (self-start) jobs.
11. Solar technicians: NSQF level 4
Solar technologies are one of the upcoming fields in the world today, especially when all small or big industries are looking for ways to explore solar energy. It is one of the most promising ITI courses after graduation and it can open many doors for the trainees.
The course curriculum includes:
- The basic principle of solar technology
- Solar cookers
- Solar water heaters
- Solar dryer
- Solar distillations
- The solar photovoltaic Lighting system
- Solar pumping
The primary job of the solar technicians is to install, assemble and maintain the various systems that convert sunlight into solar energy.
After completion of this module, one can join the nodal agencies under the Ministry of non-conventional energy sources apart from other government, private and public sectors.
12. Textile processing
This course is suitable for individuals who are interested in exploring the interesting field of textile technology.
This course provides knowledge about,
- Engineering principles and their applications in textile equipment and processing.
- Production, planning quality control, sales, and marketing agencies of domestic and international companies.
- Data handling, critical evaluation interpretation of material, written and oral communications skills.
- The curriculum for the course covers the following:
- English, applied physics, applied chemistry.
- Basic mathematics
- Computer fundamentals
- Introduction to textile fibres
- Spinning preparatory
- Weaving preparatory
- Fibre testing
- Fabric manufacturing technology
- Fabric structure and design etc
- Textile machinery maintenance
- Technical textile
- Organizational management
- Evaluation in plant technology
- Textile industry planning, costing, and quality control
- Advanced chemical processing technology, etc.
Textile technology is a very comprehensive course and it is one of the most suitable ITI courses after graduation in science. It is particularly beneficial for those who have prior knowledge about engineering, design, chemistry management, computers, sales, and marketing.
These institutions provide this course:
Government of polytechnic, Annai JKK SampooraniAmmal Polytechnic College, Erode.
The job opportunities are completion of this course are :
- Process and improvement engineer
- Quality control supervisor
- Process engineer
- Technical services/sales manager
- Operation trainee
- Medical textile engineer
- Teacher /lecturer etc.
The job opportunities after completion of Welder training are very high. In almost every industrial field there is always a job opening for welders time and again. As the economy is booming so is the capital investment and in turn, the rise in industries thereby making it one of the most demanding ITI courses in India.
The above-mentioned trades are only some of the courses available, apart from these, there are many more courses in various designated ITIs. And the courses are updating all the time, keeping in terms with the market demand.
Some of the popular courses that fall in the non-engineering and non-technical trades category of ITI courses after graduation in Arts and Commerce:
This is a non-engineering one-year ITI trades that has been in demand for quite some time now and the demand for the same has been rising at a steady pace over the years. This is one of the best ITI courses after graduation in Arts, especially for those who wanted to venture into the processing industries in the agriculture sector.
This is a highly job-oriented training program and after finishing the course one can join in industries that deal with pre-processing, preparation, and packaging of whole pulses, soya products, and oil from oilseeds, cereal-based products, spice powders, rice, etc.
The other job opportunities are:
- Quality analyst in an agro-processing unit
- Supervisor in the agro-processing industry
- A skilled worker in food MNC
- Entrepreneur in agro-processing
15. Baker and confectioners
This is a non-engineering professional ITI course. Those individuals who have a keen interest in this sector of trade can opt for these ITI courses after graduation in Arts.
The duration of the course is a one-year diploma course comprising two semesters 6 months each.
The curriculum of baker and confectioners trade prepares the students to,
- Respond to the customer requirements
- Environmental constraints and commercial pressures
- Accounting process
- Classifications of perishables, a market survey of equipment, storage, hygiene.
- Preparation of cakes, biscuits, bread, danish, pastry, icing, etc., and useful tips.
The jobs an individual can opt for after completion of this course are:
- Executive Chef/Tutor
- Commercial Assistant
- Sales Assistant
- Assist. Maintenance Planner
- Assist. Retail Manager, etc.
16. Basic cosmetology
This is a vocational training course that deals with beauty treatments. This course is very beneficial for those who are interested in beauty and application of beauty treatment, individuals with a keen interest in aesthetic beauty, and with a creative soul.
The areas of work involve:
- Bodywork and Massage Professionals.
- Demonstrators and Promoters.
- Film and Theatre Hair Specialist.
- Cosmetic Surgeons.
- Surgical Aides.
- Hair Stylist.
- Shampoo Technician.
- Beauty Therapist.
- Nail Technician.
- Makeup artist etc.
- The job opportunities are :
- Film Industry.
- Theatres Companies.
- Advertising Firms.
- Cosmetic Companies.
- Skin Clinics.
- Cosmetology Consultant.
- Beauty Parlours.
- Cosmetology Schools.
- Beauty Therapy Clinics.
- Luxury Hotels.
- Health Resorts.
- Fashion industry
17. Catering and hospitality assistance:
This catering and hospitality assistance is perfectly designed and apt to cater to the industry requirements in India as well as overseas. This is one of the most promising ITI courses after graduation in arts or ITI courses after graduation in commerce.
It is a one-year course. The job profile of catering and hospitality assistant involves,
- Planning, organizing, coordinating the controls of the operations of the industry
- Also engaged in servicing food, drinks, etc
- Providing lodging facilities, maintaining hygiene.
18. Computer Operator and programming assistance (COPA)
The duration of the course is one year, the primary curriculum of this course involves:
- Learning the fundamentals of computer
- Computer hardware basics and software installations
- To attain data entry speed
- Database management
- Networking concepts
- Web desiring concepts
- Internet concepts
- E-commerce and cybersecurity
After completion of the course, the individuals shall find themselves in a very lucrative position in the computer and programming sector.
- Online IT support
- Office automation
- Web designing and maintenance
- Computer training in schools and institutes
- Cybercafé setup and management
- Smart accounting etc.
The Certifying authority after completion of the ITI course is the National Council of Vocational Training (NCTV) or State Council of Vocational Training (SCTV). The syllabus of ITI s is prepared by DGET (Director General of Employment and Training and the same has been supported by NIMI (National Industrial Media Institute)
In recent times there has been a boom in the employment of the ITIs trades and thereby leads to the establishment of numerous institutions by both government and private sectors for such vocational training, which in turn generates more employment in the educational sectors of it is also.
The above-mentioned short-term vocational training trades are only a few of the handpicked course suitable ITI courses after graduation in Science, Arts or Commerce Field.
It has been observed that even though having a graduation degree is not compulsory for entering into ITIs yet, individuals opting for ITI courses after graduation shall always have an edge over the rest of the candidates.
Apart from the job front, if an individual wants to start his own business, it is always advisable to know about the basics of particular trade of your business interest. Short-term ITI courses cater perfectly to these scenarios.
One can say that ITIs courses are the courses that cater to all citizens of India, irrespective of their financial status, educational status, or individuals with disabilities.